Protected areas are a cornerstone of local, regional, and global strategies for biological conservation. It is thus vital to understand how well they perform both in representing and maintaining biodiversity and ecological and evolutionary processes. We address these issues through a combination of analyses using existing data and novel field studies both in the U.K. and elsewhere.
[Key ref.: Coetzee, B.W.T., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2014. Local scale comparisons of biodiversity as a test for global protected area ecological performance: a meta-analysis. PLoS One 9, e105824; Gaston, K.J., Jackson, S.F., Cantú-Salazar, L. & Cruz-Piñón, G. 2008. The ecological performance of protected areas. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 39, 93-113; Mora, C., Andréfouët, S., Costello, M.J., Kranenburg, C., Rollo, A., Veron, J., Gaston, K.J. & Myers, R.A. 2006. Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas. Science 312, 1750-1]