Publications

2017shutterstock_243804061
(Image from Shutterstock)
Bennie, J., Davies, T.W., Cruse, D., Bell, F. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Artificial light at night alters grassland vegetation species composition and phenology. Journal of Applied Ecology, in press.

Casalegno, S., Anderson, K., Cox, D.T.C., Hancock, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Ecological connectivity in the three-dimensional urban green volume using waveform airborne lidar. Scientific Reports 7, 45571.

Casalegno, S., Anderson, K., Hancock, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Improving models of urban greenspace: from vegetation surface cover to volumetric survey using waveform laser scanning. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, in press.

Chown, S.L. Brooks, C.M., Terauds, A., Le Bohec, C., van Klaveren-Impagliazzo, C., Whittington, J.D., Butchart, S.H.M., Coetzee, B.W.T., Collen, B., Convey, P., Gaston, K.J., Gilbert, N., Gill, M., Höft, R., Johnston, S., Kennicutt II, M.C., Kriesell, H.J., Le Maho, Y., Lynch, H.J., Palomares, M., Puig-Marco, R., Stoett, P. & McGeoch, M.A. 2017. Antarctica and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. PLoS Biology 15, e2001656.

Cox, D.T.C., Hudson, H.L., Shanahan, D.F., Fuller, R.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. The rarity of direct experiences of nature in an urban population. Landscape and Urban Planning 160, 79-84.

Cox, D.T.C., Plummer, K.E., Shanahan, D.F., Siriwardena, G.M., Fuller, R.A., Anderson, K., Hancock, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Doses of neighborhood nature: the benefits for mental health of living with nature. BioScience 67, 147-155.

Cox, D.T.C., Shanahan, D.F., Hudson, H.L., Fuller, R.A., Anderson, K., Hancock, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Doses of nearby nature simultaneously associated with multiple health benefits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, 172.

Davies, T.W., Bennie, J., Cruse, D., Blumgart, D., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Multiple night-time light-emitting diode lighting strategies impact grassland invertebrate assemblages. Global Change Biology, in press.

Dyer, E.E., Cassey, P., Redding, D.W., Collen, B., Franks, V., Gaston, K.J., Jones, K.E., Kark, S., Orme, C.D.L. & Blackburn, T.M. 2017. The global distribution and drivers of alien bird species richness. PLoS Biology 15, e2000942.

de Freitas, J.R., Bennie, J., Mantovani, W. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Exposure of tropical ecosystems to artificial light at night: Brazil as a case study. PLoS One 12, e0171655.

Gaston, K.J., Davies, T.W., Nedelec, S. & Holt, L. 2017. Impacts of artificial light at night on biological timings. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, in press.

Hancock, S., Anderson, K., Disney, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Measurement of fine-spatial-resolution 3D vegetation structure with airborne waveform lidar: Calibration and validation with voxelised terrestrial lidar. Remote Sensing of Environment 18, 37-50.

Lin, B.B., Gaston, K.J., Fuller, R.A., Wu, D.S., Bush, R., Shanahan, D.F. 2017. How green is your garden?: Urban form and socio-demographic factors influence yard vegetation, visitation, and ecosystem service benefits. Landscape and Urban Planning 157, 239-246.

Porcelli, D., Gaston, K.J., Butlin, R.K. & Snook, R.R. 2017. Local adaptation of reproductive performance during thermal stress. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 30, 422-429.

Robinson, B.S., Inger, R., Crowley, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Weeds on the web: conflicting management advice about invasive non-native plants. Journal of Applied Ecology 54, 178-187.

Shanahan, D.F., Cox, D.T.C., Fuller, R.A., Hancock, S., Lin, B.B., Anderson, K., Bush, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2017. Variation in experiences of nature across gradients of tree cover in compact and sprawling cities. Landscape and Urban Planning 157, 231-238.

Soga, M., Gaston, K.J. & Yamaura, Y. 2017. Gardening is beneficial for health: a meta-analysis. Preventive Medicine Reports 5, 92-99.

Soga, M., Cox, D.T.C., Yamaura, Y., Gaston, K.J., Kurisu, K. & Hanaki, K. 2017. Health benefits of urban allotment gardening: improved physical and psychological wellbeing and social integration. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, 71.

Sutherland, W.J., Barnard, P., Broad, S., Clout, M., Connor, B., Côté, I.M., Dicks, L.V., Doran, H., Entwistle, A.C., Fleishman, E., Fox, M., Gaston, K.J., Gibbons, D.W., Jiang, Z., Keim, B., Lickorish, F.A., Markillie, P., Monk, K.A., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Wintle, B.C. & Ockendon, N. A 2017 horizon scan of emerging issues for global conservation and biological diversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32, 31-40.

2016 shutterstock_149299919
(Image from Shutterstock)
Allinson, D., Irvine, K.N., Edmondson, J.L., Tiwary, A., Hill, G., Morris, J., Bell, M., Davies, Z.G., Firth, S.K., Fisher, J., Gaston, K.J., Leake, J.R., McHugh, N., Namdeo, A., Rylatt, M. & Lomas, K. 2016. Measurement and analysis of household carbon: the case of a UK city. Applied Energy 164, 871-881.

Anderson, K., Hancock, S., Disney, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Is waveform worth it? A comparison of LiDAR approaches for vegetation and landscape characterization. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 2, 5-15.

Bennie, J., Davies, T.W., Cruse, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Ecological effects of artificial light at night on wild plants. Journal of Ecology 104, 611-620.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Macrophysiology – progress and prospects. Functional Ecology 30, 330-344.

Collen, B., Dulvy, N., Gaston, K.J., Gärdenfors, U., Keith, D.A., Punt, A.E., Regan, H.M., Böhm, M., Hedges, S., Seddon, M., Butchart, S.H.M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Bachman, S.P. & Akçakaya, H.R. 2016. Clarifying misconceptions of extinction risk assessment with the IUCN Red List. Biology Letters 12, 20150843.

Cox, D.T.C. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Urban bird feeding: connecting people with nature. PLoS One 11, e0158717.

Cox, D.T.C., Inger, R., Hancock, S., Anderson, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Movement of feeder-using songbirds: the influence of urban features. Scientific Reports 6, 37669.

Dallimer, M., Tang, Z., Gaston, K.J. & Davies, Z. 2016. The extent of shifts in vegetation phenology between rural and urban areas within a human-dominated region. Ecology and Evolution 6, 1942-1953.

Davies, T.W., Duffy, J.P., Bennie, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Stemming the tide of light pollution encroaching into Marine Protected Areas. Conservation Letters 9, 164-171.

Durán, A.P., Inger, R., Cantú-Salazar, L. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Species richness representation within protected areas is associated with multiple interacting spatial features. Diversity and Distributions 22, 300-308.

Edmondson, J.L., Stott, I., Davies, Z.G., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2016. Soil surface temperatures reveal moderation of the urban heat island effect by trees and shrubs. Scientific Reports 6, 33708.

Gonzalez, L.F., Montes, G.A., Puig, E., Johnson, S., Mengersen, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and artificial intelligence revolutionizing wildlife monitoring and conservation. Sensors 16, 97.

Inger, R., Cox, D.T.C., Per, E., Norton, B.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Role of vertebrate scavengers in urban ecosystems in the UK. Ecology and Evolution 6, 7015-7023.

Inger, R., Per, E., Cox, D.T.C. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Key role in ecosystem functioning of scavengers reliant on a single common species. Scientific Reports 6, 29641.

Porcelli, D., Westram, A.M., Pascual, M., Gaston, K.J., Butlin, R.K. & Snook, R.R. 2017. Gene expression clines reveal local adaptation and associated trade-offs at a continental scale. Scientific Reports 6, 32975.

Robinson, B.S., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. A rose by any other name: plant identification knowledge & socio-demographics. PLoS One 11, e0156572.

Shanahan, D.F., Bush, R., Gaston, K.J., Lin, B.B., Dean, J., Barber, E. & Fuller, R.A. 2016. Health benefits from nature experiences depend on dose. Scientific Reports 6, 28551.

Shanahan, D.F., Franco, L., Lin, B.B., Gaston, K.J. & Fuller, R.A. 2016. The benefits of natural environments for physical activity. Sports Medicine 46, 989-995.

Soga, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Extinction of experience: the loss of human-nature interactions. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14, 94-101.

Soga, M., Gaston, K.J., Koyanagi, T.F., Kurisu, K. & Hanaki, K. 2016. Urban residents’ perceptions of neighbourhood nature: does the extinction of experience matter? Biological Conservation 203, 143-150.

Soga, M., Gaston, K.J., Yamaura, Y., Kurisu, K. & Hanaki, K. 2016. Both direct and vicarious experiences of nature affect children’s willingness to conserve biodiversity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, 529.

Wu, X., Hu, D., Ma, S., Zhang, X., Guo, Z. & Gaston, K.J. 2016. Elevated soil CO2 efflux at the boundaries between impervious surfaces and urban greenspaces. Atmospheric Environment 141, 375-378.

2015P1030108
Anderson, K., Hancock, S., Disney, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Is waveform worth it? A comparison of LiDAR approaches for vegetation and landscape characterization. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 2(1), 5-15.

Bennie, J., Davies, T.W, Cruse, D., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J 2015. Cascading effects of artificial light at night: resource-mediated control of herbivores in a grassland ecosystem. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370, 20140131.

Bennie, J., Duffy, J.P., Davies, T.W., Correa-Cano, M.E. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Global trends in exposure to light pollution in natural terrestrial ecosystems. Remote Sensing 7, 2715-2730.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2015. Ecological traps and behavioural adjustments of urban songbirds to fine-scale spatial variation in predator activity. Animal Conservation, DOI: 10.1111/acv.12206.

Chown, S.L & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Macrophysiology – progress and prospects. Functional Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12510.

Cox, D.T.C. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Likeability of garden birds: importance of species knowledge & richness in connecting people to nature. PLoS ONE 10, e0141505.

Dallimer, M., Davies, Z.G., Diaz-Porras, D.F., Irvine, K.N., Maltby, L., Warren, P.H., Armsworth, P.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Historical influences on the current provision of multiple ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 31, 307-317.

Davies, T.W., Duffy, J.P., Bennie, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Stemming the tide of light pollution encroaching into Marine Protected Areas. Conservation Letters, DOI: 10.1111/conl.12191.

Day, J., Baker, J., Schofield, H., Mathews, F. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Part-night lighting: implications for bat conservation. Animal Conservation, DOI: 10.1111/acv.12200.

Duffy, J.P., Bennie, J., Duràn, A.P. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Mammalian ranges are experiencing erosion of natural darkness. Scientific Reports 5, 12042.

Durán, A. P., Inger, R., Cantú‐Salazar, L. & Gaston, K. J. 2015. Species richness representation within protected areas is associated with multiple interacting spatial features. Diversity and Distributions 22, 300-308.

Edmondson, J. L., Stott, I., Potter, J., Lopez-Capel, E., Manning, D.A.C., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J. R. 2015. Black carbon contribution to organic carbon stocks in urban soil. Environmental Science and Technology 49, 8339–8346.

Gaston, K.J., Duffy, J.P. & Bennie, J. 2015. Quantifying the erosion of natural darkness in the global protected area system. Conservation Biology 29, 1132-1141.

Gaston, K.J., Gaston, S., Bennie, J. & Hopkins, J. 2015. Benefits and costs of artificial nighttime lighting of the environment. Environmental Reviews 23, 14-23.

Gaston K.J., Visser M.E. & Holker F. 2015. The biological impacts of artificial light at night: the research challenge. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370, 20140133.

Goettsch, B., Hilton-Taylor, C., Cruz-Piñón, G., Duffy, J.P., Frances, A., et al. 2015. High proportion of cactus species threatened with extinction. Nature Plants 1, 15142.

Gómez P., Bennie J., Gaston K.J. & Buckling A. 2015. The Impact of Resource Availability on Bacterial Resistance to Phages in Soil. PLoS ONE 10, e0123752.

Hancock, S., Armston, J., Li, Z., Gaulton, R., Lewis, P., Disney, M., Danson, F.M., Strahler, A., Schaaf, C., Anderson, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Waveform lidar over vegetation: An evaluation of inversion methods for estimating return energy. Remote Sensing of Environment 164, 208-224.

Inger, R., Gregory, R., Duffy, J.P., Stott, I., Voříšek, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Common European birds are declining rapidly while less abundant species’ numbers are rising. Ecology Letters 18, 28-36.

Kyba, C.C.M., Tong, K.P., Bennie, J., Birriel, I., Birriel, J.J., Cool, A., Danielsen, A., Davies, T.W., den Outer, P.N., Edwards, W., Ehlert, R., Falchi, F., Fischer, J., Giacomelli, A., Guibbilini, F., Haaima, M., Hesse, C., Heygster, G., Holker, F., Inger, R., Jensen, L.J., Kuelchy, H.U., Kuehn, J., Langill, P., Lolkema, D.E., Nagy, M., Nievas, M., Ochi, N., Popow, E., Posch, T., Puschnig, J., Ruhtz, T., Schmidt, W., Schwarz, R., Schwope, A., Spoelstra, H., Tekatch, A., Trueblood, M., Walker, C.E., Weber, M., Welch, D.L., Zamorano, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Worldwide variations in artificial skyglow. Scientific Reports 5, 8409.

McHugh, N., Edmondson, J.L., Gaston, K.J., Leake, J.R. & O’Sullivan, O.S. 2015. Modelling short-rotation coppice and tree planting for urban carbon management – a city-wide analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 52, 1237–1245.

Mitchell, M.G.E., Suarez-Castro, A.F., Martinez-Harms, M., Maron, M., McAlpine, C., Gaston, K.J., Johansen, K. & Rhodes, J.R. 2015. Reframing landscape fragmentation’s effects on ecosystem services. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30, 190-198.

Porcelli, D., Butlin, R.K., Gaston, K.J., Joly, D. & Snook, R.R. 2015. The environmental genomics of metazoan thermal adaptation. Heredity 114, 502–514.

Sanders, D., Kehoe, R., Tiley, K., Bennie, J., Cruse, D., Davies, T.W., van Veen F.J.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Artificial nighttime light changes aphid-parasitoid population dynamics. Scientific Reports 5, 15232.

Shanahan, D.F., Fuller, R.A., Bush, R., Lin, B.B. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. The health benefits of urban nature: how much do we need? BioScience 65, 476-485.

Shanahan, D.F., Lin, B.B., Bush, R., Gaston, K.J., Dean, J.H., Barber, E. & Fuller, R.A. 2015. Toward improved public health outcomes from urban nature. American Journal of Public Health 105, 470-477.

Shanahan, D.F., Lin, B.B., Gaston, K.J., Bush R. & Fuller, R.A. 2015. What is the role of trees and remnant vegetation in attracting people to urban parks? Landscape Ecology 30, 153-165.

Soga, M., Yamaura, Y., Aikoh, T., Shoji, Y., Kubo, T. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Reducing the extinction of experience: Association between urban form and recreational use of public greenspace. Landscape and Urban Planning 143, 69-75.

Stanley, M.C., Beggs, J.R., Bassett, I.E., Burns, B.R., Dirks, K.N., Jones, D.N., Linklater, W.L., Macinnis-Ng, C., Simcock, R., Souter-Brown, G., Trowsdale, S.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Emerging threats in urban ecosystems: a horizon scanning exercise. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13, 553–560.

Stott, I., Soga, M., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2015. Land sparing is crucial for urban ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13, 387–393.

Yvon-Durocher, G., Allen, A. P., Cellamare, M., Dossena, M., Gaston, K. J., Leitao, M., Montoya, J. M., Reuman, D. C., Woodward, G. & Trimmer, M. 2015. Five years of experimental warming increases the biodiversity and productivity of phytoplankton. PLoS Biology 13, e1002324.

2014P1030312
Bennie, J., Davies, T.W., Duffy, J.P., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Contrasting trends in light pollution across Europe based on satellite observed night time lights. Scientific Reports 4.

Bennie, J., Davies, T.W., Inger R. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Mapping artificial lightscapes for ecological studies. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5, 534-540.

Bennie, J.J., Duffy, J.P., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Biogeography of time partitioning in mammals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, 13727-13732.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L 2014. Squirrels in suburbia: influence of urbanisation on the occurrence and distribution of a common exotic mammal. Urban Ecosystems 17, 533-546.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2014. Relative roles of Grey Squirrels, supplementary feeding, and habitat in shaping urban bird assemblages. PLoS One 9, e109397.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2014. Assessing the potential for Grey Squirrels Sciurus carolinensis to compete with birds at supplementary feeding stations. Ibis 156, 220-226.

Casalegno, S., Bennie, J.J., Inger, R. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Regional scale prioritisation for key ecosystem services, renewable energy production and urban development. PLoS One 9, e107822.

Coetzee, B.W.T., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2014. Local scale comparisons of biodiversity as a test for global protected area ecological performance: a meta-analysis. PLoS One 9, e105824.

Dallimer, M., Davies, Z.G., Irvine, K. N., Maltby, L., Warren, P.H., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2014. What personal and environmental factors determine frequency of urban greenspace use? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11, 7977-7992.

Dallimer, M., Tinch, D., Hanley, N., Irvine, K.N., Rouquette, J.R., Warren, P.H., Maltby, L., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2014. Quantifying preferences for the natural world using monetary and nonmonetary assessments of value. Conservation Biology 28, 404-413.

Davies, T.W., Duffy, J.P., Bennie, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. The nature, extent, and ecological implications of marine light pollution. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12, 347-355.

Díaz‐Porras, D.F., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2014. 110 Years of change in urban tree stocks and associated carbon storage. Ecology and Evolution 4, 1413-1422.

Durán, A.P., Duffy, J.P. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Exclusion of agricultural lands in spatial conservation prioritization strategies: consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem service representation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281, 20141529.

Durant, S., Pettorelli, N., Blackburn, T., Baillie, J., Boxshall, G., Brooks, S., Carbone, C., Coulson, T., Crees, J., Cunningham, A., Daniels, M., Deinet, S., Ewen, J., Gaston, K., Gregory, R., Hayward, M., MacDonald, D., Mace, G., May, R., Norris, K., Pimm, S., Raffaelli, D., Redpath, S. & Sutherland, W. 2014. UK bill could prompt biodiversity loss. Nature 512, 253-253.

Edmondson, J.L., Davies, Z.G., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2014. Urban cultivation in allotments maintains soil qualities adversely affected by conventional agriculture. Journal of Applied Ecology 51, 880-889.

Edmondson, J.L., Davies, Z.G., McCormack, S.A., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2014. Land-cover effects on soil organic carbon stocks in a European city. Science of the Total Environment 472, 444-453.

Edmondson, J.L., O’Sullivan, O.S., Inger, R., Potter, J., McHugh, N., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2014. Urban tree effects on soil organic carbon. PLoS One 9, e101872.

Gaspar, C., Borges, P.A.V. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Towards systematic conservation planning in the Azores. Sociedade Portuguesa de Ecologia 7, 40-49.

Gaston, K.J. & Bennie, J. 2014. Demographic effects of artificial nighttime lighting on animal populations. Environmental Reviews 22, 323-330.

Gaston, K.J., Duffy, J.P., Gaston, S., Bennie, J. & Davies T.W. 2014. Human alteration of natural light cycles: causes and ecological consequences. Oecologia 176, 917-931.

Gaston, K.J., Gaston, S., Bennie, J. & Hopkins, J. 2014. Benefits and costs of artificial nighttime lighting of the environment. Environmental Reviews 22, 1-10.

Inger, R., Bennie, J., Davies, T.W. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Potential biological and ecological effects of flickering artificial light. PloS one 9, e98631.

Lin, B.B., Fuller, R.A., Bush, R., Gaston, K.J. & Shanahan, D.F. 2014. Opportunity or orientation? Who uses urban parks and why. PloS one 9, e87422.

Shanahan, D.F., Lin, B.B., Gaston, K.J., Bush R. & Fuller, R.A. 2014. Socio-economic inequalities in access to nature on public and private lands: a case study from Brisbane, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning 130, 14-23.

Soga, M., Yamaura, Y., Koike, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Woodland remnants as an urban wildlife refuge: a cross-taxonomic assessment. Biodiversity and Conservation 23, 649-659.

Soga, M., Yamaura, Y., Koike, S. & Gaston, K.J. 2014. Land sharing vs. land sparing: does the compact city reconcile urban development and biodiversity conservation? Journal of Applied Ecology 51, 1378-1386.

2013P1020841
Anderson, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles will lrevolutionize spatial ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11, 138-146.

Bonnington, C., Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2013. Fearing the feline: domestic cats reduce avian fecundity through trait-mediated indirect effects that increase nest predation by other species. Journal of Applied Ecology 50, 15-24.

Cantú-Salazar, L. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Species richness and representation in protected areas of the Western hemisphere: discrepancies between checklists and range maps. Diversity and Distributions 19, 782-793.

Cantú-Salazar, L., Orme, C.D.L., Rasmussen, P.C., Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. The performance of the global protected area system in capturing vertebrate geographic ranges. Biodiversity and Conservation 22, 1033-1047.

Casalegno, S., Inger, R., DeSilvey, C. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Spatial covariance between aesthetic value & other ecosystem services. PLoS One 8, e68437.

Davies, T.W., Bennie, J., Inger, R., & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Artificial light alters natural regimes of night-time sky brightness. Scientific Reports 3, 1722.

Davies, T.W., Bennie, J., Inger, R., Hempel de Ibarra, N. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Artificial light pollution: are shifting spectral signatures changing the balance of species interactions? Global Change Biology 19, 1417-1423.

Davies, Z.G., Dallimer, M., Edmondson, J.L., Leake, J.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Identifying potential sources of variability betweenvegetation carbon storage estimates for urban areas. Environmental Pollution 183, 133-142.

de Boer,W.F., van Langevelde, F., Prins, H.H.T., de Ruiter, P.C., Blanc, J., Vis, M.J.P., Gaston, K.J. & Douglas-Hamilton, I. 2013. Understanding spatial differences in African elephant densities and occurrence, a continent-wide analysis. Biological Conservation 159, 468-476.

Dornelas, M., Magurran, A.E., Buckland, S.T., Chao, A., Chazdon, R.L., Colwell, R.K., Curtis, T. Gaston, K.J., Gotelli, N.J., Kosnik, M.A., McGill, B., McCune, J.L., Morlon, H., Mumby, P.J., Øvreås, L., Studeny, A. & Vellend, M. 2013. Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280, 20121931.

Durán, A.P., Casalegno, S., Marquet, P.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Representation of ecosystem services by terrestrial protected areas: Chile as a case study. PLoS One 8, e82643.

Durán, A.P., Rauch, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Spatial coincidence between protected areas and metal mining activities. Biological Conservation 160, 272-278.

Fishburn, I.S., Boyer, A., Kareiva, P., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2013. Changing spatial patterns of conservation investment by a major land trust. Biological Conservation 161, 223-229.

Gaston, K.J., Bennie, J., Davies, T. & Hopkins, J. 2013. The ecological impacts of nighttime light pollution: a mechanistic appraisal. Biological Reviews 88, 912-927.

Gaston, K.J., Ávila-Jiménez, M.L. & Edmondson, J.L. 2013. Managing urban ecosystems for goods and services. Journal of Applied Ecology 50, 830-840.

Irvine, K.N., Warber, S.L., Devine-Wright, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Understanding urban green space as a health resource: a qualitative comparison of visit motivation and derived effects among park users in Sheffield, UK. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, 417-442.

Keniger, L.E., Gaston, K.J., Irvine, K.N. & Fuller, R.A. 2013. What are the benefits of interacting with nature? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, 913-935.

Lennox, G.D., Gaston, K.J., Acs, S., Dallimer, M., Hanley, N. & Armsworth, P.R. 2013. Conservation when landowners have bargaining power: continuous conservation investments and cost uncertainty. Ecological Economics 93, 69-78.

Mueller, J.C., Partecke, J., Hatchwell, B.J, Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2013. Candidate gene polymorphisms for behavioural adaptations during urbanization in blackbirds. Molecular Ecology 22, 3629-2637.

Rouquette, J.R., Dallimer, M., Armsworth, P.R., Gaston, K.J., Maltby, L. & Warren, P.H. 2013. Species turnover and geographic distance in an urban river network. Diversity and Distributions 19, 1429-1439.

Thomas, C.D., Anderson, B.J., Moilanen, A., Eigenbrod, F., Heinemeyer, A., Quaife, T., Roy, D.B., Gillings, S., Armsworth, P.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2013. Reconciling biodiversity and carbon conservation. Ecology Letters 16, 39-47.

2012
Armsworth, P.R., Acs, S., Dallimer, M., Gaston, K.J., Hanley, N. & Wilson, P. 2012. The cost of policy simplification in conservation incentive programs. Ecology Letters 15, 406-414.

Armsworth, P.R., Fishburn, I.S., Davies, Z.G., Gilbert, J., Leaver, N. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. The size, concentration, and growth of biodiversity-conservation nonprofits. BioScience 62, 271-281.

Braschler, B., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. The Fynbos and Succulent Karoo biomes do not have exceptional local ant richness. PLoS One 7, e31463.

Canard, E., Mouquet, N., Marescot, L., Gaston, K.J., Gravel, D. & Mouillot, D. 2012. Emergence of structural patterns in neutral trophic networks. PLoS One 7, e38295.

Cianciaruso, M.V. Silva, I.A., Batalha, M.A., Gaston, K.J. & Petchey O.L. 2012. The influence of fire on phylogenetic and functional structure of woody savannas: moving from species to individuals. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 14, 205-216.

Dallimer, M., Irvine, K.N., Skinner, A.M.J., Davies, Z.G., Rouquette, J.R., Armsworth, P.R., Maltby, L., Warren, P.H., Gaston, K.J. 2012. Biodiversity and the feel-good factor: understanding associations between self-reported human well-being and species richness. BioScience 62, 46-55.

Dallimer, M., Rouquette, J.R., Skinner, A.M.J., Armsworth, P.R., Maltby, L.M., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Contrasting patterns in species richness of birds, butterflies and plants along riparian corridors in an urban landscape. Diversity and Distributions 18, 742-753.

Dallimer, M. Skinner, A.M.J., Davies, Z.G., Armsworth, P.R., & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Multiple habitat associations: the role of offsite habitat in determining onsite avian density and species richness. Ecography 35, 134-145.

Davies, T.W., Bennie, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Street lighting changes the composition of invertebrate communities. Biology Letters 8, 764-767.

Davies, Z.G., Fuller, R.A., Dallimer, M., Loram, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Household factors influencing participation in bird feeding activity: a national scale analysis. PLoS One 7, e39692.

Edmondson, J.L., Davies, Z.G., McHugh, N., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2012. Organic carbon hidden in urban ecosystems. Scientific Reports 2, 963.

Evans, K.L., Newton, J., Gaston, K.J., Sharp, S.P., McGowan, A. & Hatchwell, B.J. 2012. Colonisation of urban environments is associated with reduced migratory behaviour, facilitating divergence from ancestral populations. Oikos 121, 634-640.

Fuller, R.A., Irvine, K.N., Davies, Z.G., Armsworth, P.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Interactions between people and birds in urban landscapes. Studies in Avian Biology 45, 249-266.

Gaston, K.J., Davies, T.W., Bennie, J. & Hopkins, J. 2013. Reducing the ecological consequences of night-time light pollution: options and developments. Journal of Applied Ecology 49, 1256-1266.

Hanley, N., Acs, S., Dallimer, M., Gaston, K.J., Graves, A., Morris, J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2012. Farm-scale ecological and economic impacts of agricultural change in the uplands. Land Use Policy 29, 587-597.

Tang, Z., Fang, J., Chi, X., Feng, J., Liu, Y., Shen, Z., Wang, X., Wang, Z., Wu, X., Zheng, C. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Patterns of plant beta-diversity along elevational and latitudinal gradients in mountain forests of China. Ecography 35, 1083-1091.

Tang, Z., Fang, J., Chi, X., Yang, Y., Ma, W., Mohhamot, A., Guo, Z., Liu, Y. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Geography, environment, and spatial turnover of species in China’s grasslands. Ecography 35, 1103-1109.

Webb, T.J., Freckleton, R.P. & Gaston, K.J. 2012. Characterising abundance-occupancy relationships: there is no artefact. Global Ecology & Biogeography 21, 952-957.

2011
Akçakaya, H.R., Mace, R.M., Gaston, K.J., Regan, H., Punt, A., Butchart, S.H.M., Keith, D.A. & Gärdenfors, U. 2011. The SAFE index is not safe. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9, 485-486.

Booth, J., Gaston, K.J., Evans, K.L. & Armsworth, P.R. 2011. The value of species rarity in biodiversity recreation: a birdwatching example. Biological Conservation 144, 2728-2732.

Dallimer, M., Tang, Z., Bibby, P.R., Brindley, P., Gaston, K.J. & Davies, Z.G. 2011. Temporal changes in greenspace in a highly urbanised region. Biology Letters 7, 763-766.

Davies, Z.G., Edmondson, J.L., Leake, J.R. & Gaston, K.J.∗2011. Mapping an urban ecosystem service: quantifying above-ground carbon storage at a city-wide scale. Journal of Applied Ecology 48, 1125-1134.

Edmondson, J.L., Davies, Z.G., McCormack, S.A., Gaston, K.J. & Leake, J.R. 2011. Are soils in urban ecosystems compacted? A citywide analysis. Biology Letters 7, 771-774.

Eigenbrod, F., Bell, V.A., Davies, H.N., Heinemeyer, A., Armsworth, P.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. The impact of projected increases in urbanization on ecosystem services. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278, 3201-3208.

Evans, K.L., Chamberlain, D.E., Hatchwell, B.J., Gregory, R.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. What makes an urban bird? Global Change Biology 17, 32-44.

Gaspar, C., Gaston, K.J., Borges, P.A.V. & Cardoso, P. 2011. Selection of priority areas for arthropod conservation in the Azores archipelago. Journal of Insect Conservation 15, 671-684

Gaston, K.J. 2011. Common ecology. BioScience 61, 354-362.

Gaston, K.J. & Gaston, S. 2011. Urban gardens and biodiversity. In: The Routledge Handbook of Urban Ecology. Eds Douglas, I., Goode, D., Houck, M.C. & Wang, R. Routledge, London, pp. 450-458.

Gouws, J.M., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2011. Intraspecific body size frequency distributions of insects. PLoS One 6, e16606.

Greve, M., Chown, S.L., van Rensburg, B.J., Dallimer, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. The ecological effectiveness of protected areas: a case study for South African birds. Animal Conservation 14, 295-305.

Holland, R.A., Eigenbrod, F., Armsworth, P.R., Anderson, B.J., Thomas, C.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. The influence of temporal variation on relationships between ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation 20, 3285-3294.

Holland, R.A., Eigenbrod, F., Armsworth, P.R., Anderson, B.J., Thomas, C.D., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. Spatial covariation between freshwater and terrestrial ecosystem services. Ecological Applications 21, 2034-2048.

Loram, A., Warren, P.H., Thompson, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. Urban domestic gardens: the effects of human interventions on garden composition. Environmental Management 48, 808-824.

Marini, L., Bona, E., Kunin, W.E. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. Exploring anthropogenic and natural processes shaping fern species richness along elevation gradients. Journal of Biogeography 38, 78-88.

Moilanen, A., Anderson, B.J., Eigenbrod, F., Heinemeyer, A., Roy, D.B., Gillings, S., Armsworth, P.R., Gaston, K.J. & Thomas, C.D. 2011. Balancing alternative land uses in conservation prioritization. Ecological Applications 21, 1419-1426.

Mora, C., Aburto-Oropeza, O., Bocos, A.A., Ayotte, P.M., Banks, S., Bauman, A.G., Beger, M., Bessudo, S., Booth, D.J., Brokovich, E., Brooks, A., Chabanet, P., Cinner, J.E., Cortés, J., Cruz-Motta, J.J., Magaña, A.C., DeMartini, E., Edgar, G.J., Feary, D.A., Ferse, S.C.A., Friedlander, A.M., Gaston, K.J., Gough, C., Graham, N.A.J., Green, A., Guzman, H., Hardt, M., Kulbicki, M., Letourneur, Y., López Pérez, A.L., Loreau, M., Loya, Y., Martinez, C., Mascareñas-Osorio, I., Morove, T., Nadon, M-O., Nakamura, Y., Paredes, G., Polunin, N.V.C., Pratchett, M.S., Reyes Bonilla, H., Rivera, F., Sala, E., Sandin, S.A., Soler, G., Stuart-Smith, R., Tessier, E., Tittensor, D.P., Tupper, M., Usseglio, P., Vigliola, L., Wantiez, L., Williams, I., Wilson, S.K. & Zapata, F.A. 2011. Global human footprint on the linkage between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in reef fishes. PLoS Biology 9, e1000606.

Renforth, P., Edmondson, J., Leake, J.R., Gaston K.J. & Manning, D.A.C. 2011. Designing a carbon capture function into urban soils. Urban Design and Planning 164, 121-128.

Sandel, B., Arge, L., Dalsgaard, B., Davies, R.G., Gaston, K.J., Sutherland, W.J. & Svenning, J-C. 2011. The influence of late Quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism. Science 334, 660-664.

Tang, Z., Fang, J., Sun, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2011. Effectiveness of protected areas in maintaining plant production. PLoS One 6, e19116.

2010
Acs, S., Hanley, N., Dallimer, M., Gaston, K.J., Robertson, P., Wilson, P. & Armsworth, P.R. 2010. The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems: implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology. Land Use Policy 27, 550-563.

Armsworth, P.R., Armsworth, A.N., Compton, N., Cottle, P., Davies, I., Emmett, B.A., Fandrich, V., Foote, M., Gaston, K.J., Gardiner, P., Hess, T., Hopkins, J., Horsley, N., Leaver, N., Maynard, T. & Shannon, D. 2010. The ecological research needs of business. Journal of Applied Ecology 47, 235-243.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Parnell, M. 2010. Changes in non-randomness in the expanding introduced avifauna of the world. Ecography 33, 168-174.

Booth, J.E., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2010. Who benefits from recreational use of protected areas? Ecology and Society 15, 19.

Braschler, B., Mahood, K., Karenyi, N., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2010. Realizing a synergy between research and education: how participation in ant monitoring helps raise biodiversity awareness in a resource-poor country. Journal of Insect Conservation 14, 19-30.

Cantú-Salazar, L. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Very large protected areas and their contribution to terrestrial biological conservation. BioScience 60, 808-818.
Cerdeira, J.O., Pinto, L.S., Cabeza, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Species specific connectivity in reserve-network design using graphs. Biological Conservation 143, 408-415.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Body size variation in insects: a macroecological perspective. Biological Reviews 85, 139-169.

Chown, S.L., Gaston, K.J., van Kleunen, M. & Clusella-Trullas, S. 2010. Population responses within a landscape matrix: a macrophysiological approach to understanding climate change impacts. Evolutionary Ecology 24, 601-616.

Dallimer, M., Gaston, K.J., Skinner, A.M.J., Hanley, N., Acs, S. & Armsworth, P.R. 2010. Field-level bird abundances are enhanced by landscape-scale agri-environment scheme uptake. Biology Letters 6, 643-646.

Dallimer, M., Marini, L., Skinner, A.M.J., Hanley, N., Armsworth, P.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Agricultural land-use in the surrounding landscape affects moorland bird diversity. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139, 578-583.

Davies, R.G., Irlich, U.M., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Ambient, productive and wind energy, and ocean extent predict global species richness of procellariiform seabirds. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19, 98-110.

Eigenbrod, F., Anderson, B.J., Armsworth, P.R., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B., Thomas, C.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Representation of ecosystem services by tiered conservation strategies. Conservation Letters 3, 184-191.

Eigenbrod, F., Armsworth, P.R., Anderson, B.J., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B., Thomas, C.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. The impact of proxy-based methods on mapping the distribution of ecosystem services. Journal of Applied Ecology 47, 377-385.

Eigenbrod, F., Armsworth, P.R., Anderson, B.J., Heinemeyer, A., Gillings, S., Roy, D.B., Thomas, C.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Error propagation associated with benefits transfer-based mapping of ecosystem services. Biological Conservation 143, 2487-2493.

Evans, K.L., Hatchwell, B.J., Parnell, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. A conceptual framework for the colonisation of urban areas: the blackbird Turdus merula as a case study. Biological Reviews 85, 643-667.

Gaspar, C., Gaston, K.J. & Borges, P.A.V. 2010. Arthropods as surrogates of diversity at different spatial scales. Biological Conservation 143, 1287-1294.

Gaston, K.J. 2010. Valuing common species. Science 327, 154-155.

Gaston, K.J. (ed.) 2010. Urban ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Smith, R.M., Thompson, K., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2010. Urban domestic gardens (XIII): composition of the bryophyte and lichen floras, and determinants of species richness. Biological Conservation 143, 873-882.

2009
Anderson, B.J., Armsworth, P.R., Eigenbrod, F., Thomas, C.D., Gillings, S., Heinemeyer, A., Roy, D.B. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Spatial covariance between biodiversity and other ecosystem service priorities. Journal of Applied Ecology 46, 888-896.

Armsworth, P.R., Gaston, K.J., Hanley, N.D. & Ruffell, R.J. 2009. Contrasting approaches to statistical regression in ecology and economics. Journal of Applied Ecology 46, 265-268.

Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., Evans, K.L., Gaston, K.J. & Duncan, R.P. 2009. The biogeography of avian extinctions on oceanic islands revisited. Journal of Biogeography 36, 1613-1622.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Sometimes the obvious answer is the right one: a response to ‘Missing the rarest: is the positive interspecific abundance-distribution relationship a truly general macroecological pattern?’. Biology Letters 5, 777-778.

Booth, J.E., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2009. Public understanding of protected area designation. Biological Conservation 142, 3196-3200.

Chamberlain, D.E., Cannon, A.R., Toms, M.P., Leech, D.I., Hatchwell, B.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Avian productivity in urban landscapes: a review and meta-analysis. Ibis 151, 1-18.

Cianciaruso, M.V., Batalha, M.A., Gaston, K.J. & Petchey, O.L. 2009. Including intraspecific variability in functional diversity. Ecology 90, 81-89.

Dallimer, M., Acs, S., Hanley, N., Wilson, P., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2009. What explains property-level variation in avian diversity? An inter-disciplinary approach. Journal of Applied Ecology 46, 647-656.

Dallimer, M., Tinch, D., Acs, S., Hanley, N., Southall, H.R., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2009. 100 years of change: examining agricultural trends, habitat change and stakeholder perceptions through the 20th century. Journal of Applied Ecology 46, 334-343.

Davies, Z.G., Fuller, R.A., Loram, A., Irvine, K.N., Sims, V. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. A national scale inventory of resource provision for biodiversity within domestic gardens. Biological Conservation 142, 761-771.

Eigenbrod, F., Anderson, B.J., Armsworth, P.R., Heinemeyer, A., Jackson, S.F., Parnell, M., Thomas, C.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Ecosystem service benefits of contrasting conservation strategies in a human-dominated region. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 276, 2903-2911.

Evans, K.L., Gaston, K.J., Frantz, A.C., Simeoni, M., Sharp, S.P., McGowan, A., Dawson, D.A., Walasz, K., Partecke, J., Burke, T. & Hatchwell, B.J. 2009. Independent colonization of multiple urban centres by a formerly forest bird specialist. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 276, 2403-2410.

Evans, K.L., Gaston, K.J., Sharp, S.P., McGowan, A. & Hatchwell, B.J. 2009. The effect of urbanisation on avian morphology and latitudinal gradients in body size. Oikos 118, 251-259.

Evans, K.L., Leech, D.I., Crick, H.Q.P., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Latitudinal and seasonal patterns in clutch size of some single-brooded British birds. Bird Study 56, 75-85.

Evans, K.L., Newson, S.E. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Habitat influences on urban avian assemblages. Ibis 151, 19-39.

Evans, K.L., Gaston, K.J., Sharp, S.P., McGowan, A., Simeoni, M. & Hatchwell, B.J. 2009. Effects of urbanisation on disease prevalence and age structure in blackbird Turdus merula populations. Oikos 118, 774-782.

Fishburn, I.S., Kareiva, P., Gaston, K.J., Evans, K.L. & Armsworth, P.R. 2009. State-level variation in conservation investment by a major nongovernmental organisation. Conservation Letters 2, 74-81.

Fishburn, I.S., Kareiva, P., Gaston, K.J. & Armsworth, P.R. 2009. The growth of easements as a conservation tool. PLoS One 4, e4996.

Fuller, R.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. The scaling of green space coverage in European cities. Biology Letters 5, 352-355.

Fuller, R.A., Tratalos, J., & Gaston, K.J. 2009. How many birds are there in a city of half a million people? Diversity & Distributions 15, 328-337.

Gaspar, C., Borges, P.A.V. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Diversity and distribution of arthropods in native forests of the Azores archipelago. Arquipélago 25, 1-30.

Gaston, K.J. 2009. Geographic range limits of species. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 276, 1391-1393.

Gaston, K.J. 2009. Geographic range limits: achieving synthesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276, 1395-1406.

Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L., Calosi, P., Bernardo. J., Bilton, D.T., Clarke, A., Clusella-Trullas, S., Ghalambor, C.K., Konarzewski, M., Peck, L.S., Porter, W.P., Pörtner, H.O., Rezende, E.L., Schulte, P.M., Spicer, J.I., Stillman, J., Terblanche, J.S. & van Kleunen, M. 2009. Macrophysiology: a conceptual re-unification. American Naturalist 174, 595-612.

Gaston, K.J. & Fuller, R.A. 2009. The sizes of species’ geographic ranges. Journal of Applied Ecology 46, 1-9.

Irvine, K.N., Devine-Wright, P., Payne, S.R., Fuller, R.A., Painter, B., & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Green space, soundscape and urban sustainability: an interdisciplinary, empirical study. Local Environment 14, 155-172.

Jackson, S.F., Evans, K.L., & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Statutory protected areas and avian species richness in Britain. Biodiversity & Conservation 18, 2143-2151.

Jackson, S.F., Walker, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Relationship between distributions of threatened plants and protected areas in Britain. Biological Conservation 142, 1515-1522.

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Battisti, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Response of orthopteran diversity to abandonment of semi-natural meadows. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 132, 232-236.

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Battisti, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Agricultural management, vegetation traits and landscape drive orthopteran and butterfly diversity in a grassland–forest mosaic: a multi-scale approach. Insect Conservation and Diversity 2, 213-220.

Marini, L., Fontana, P., Klimek, S., Battisti, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Impact of farm size and topography on plant and insect diversity of managed grasslands in the Alps. Biological Conservation 142, 394-403.

Marini, L., Gaston, K.J., Prosser, F. & Hulme, P.E. 2009. Contrasting response of native and alien plant species richness to environmental energy and human impact along Alpine elevation gradients. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18, 652-661.

Mora, C., Myers, R.A., Col, M., Libralato, S., Pitcher, T.J., Sumaila, R.U., Zeller, D., Watson, R., Gaston, K.J. & Worm, B. 2009. Management effectiveness of the world’s marine fisheries. PLoS Biology 7, e1000131.

Mouillot, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Spatial overlap enhances geographic range size conservatism. Ecography 32, 671-675.

Olson, V.A., Davies, R.G. Orme, C.D.L., Thomas, G.H., Meiri, S., Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. Owens, I.P.F. & Bennett, P.M. 2009. Global biogeography and ecology of body size in birds. Ecology Letters 12, 249-259.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Dendrograms and measures of functional diversity: a second instalment. Oikos 118, 1118-1120.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Effects on ecosystem resilience of biodiversity, extinctions, and the structure of regional species pools. Theoretical Ecology 2, 177-187.

Sachs, J.D., Baillie, J., Sutherland, W.J., Armsworth, P.R., Ash, N., Beddington, J., Blackburn, T.M., Collen, B., Gardiner, B., Gaston, K.J., Godfray, H.C.J., Green, R.E., Harvey, P.H., House, B., Knapp, S., Kümpel, N.F., Macdonald, D.W., Mace, G.M., Mallet, J., Matthews, A., May, R.M., Petchey, O., Purvis, A., Roe, D., Safi, K., Turner, K., Walpole, M., Watson, R. & Jones, K.E. 2009. Biodiversity conservation and the Millennium Development Goals. Science 325, 1502-1503.

Simeoni, M., Dawson, D.A., Gentle, L.K., Coiffait, L., Wolff, K., Evans, K.L., Gaston, K.J. & Hatchwell, B.J. 2009. Characterization of 38 microsatellite loci in the European blackbird, Turdus merula (Turdidae, AVES). Molecular Ecology Resources 9, 1520-1526.

Šizling, A.L., Šizlingová, E., Storch, D., Reif, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Rarity, commonness and the contribution of individual species to species richness patterns. American Naturalist 174, 82-93.

Šizling, A.L., Storch, D., Reif, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Invariance in species-abundance distributions. Theoretical Ecology 2, 89-103.

Šizling, A.L., Storch, D., Šizlingová, E., Reif, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2009. Species abundance distribution results from a spatial analogy of central limit theorem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 106, 6691-6695.

2008
Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., Duncan, R.P., Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Threats to avifauna on oceanic islands revisited. Conservation Biology 22, 492-494.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Macrophysiology for a changing world. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 275, 1469-1478.

Davies, R.G., Barbosa, O., Fuller, R.A., Tratalos, J., Burke, N., Lewis D., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. City-wide relationships between green spaces, urban land use and topography. Urban Ecosystems 11, 269-287.

Evans, K.L., Newson, S., Storch, D., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Spatial scale, abundance and the species-energy relationship in British birds. Journal of Animal Ecology 77, 395-405.

Fuller, R.A., Warren, P.H., Armsworth, P.R., Barbosa, O. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Garden bird feeding predicts the structure of urban avian assemblages. Diversity and Distributions 14, 131-137.
Gaston, K.J. 2008. Biodiversity and extinction: the importance of being common. Progress in Physical Geography 32, 73-79.

Gaston, K.J. 2008. Biodiversity and extinction: the dynamics of geographic range size. Progress in Physical Geography 32, 678-683.

Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L. & Evans, K.L. 2008. Ecogeographical rules: elements of a synthesis. Journal of Biogeography 35, 483-500.

Gaston, K.J. & Fuller, R.A. 2008. Commonness, population depletion and conservation biology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23, 14-19.

Gaston, K.J., Jackson, S.F., Cantú-Salazar, L. & Cruz-Piñón, G. 2008. The ecological performance of protected areas. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 39, 93-113.

Gaston, K.J., Jackson, S.F., Nagy, A., Cantú-Salazar, L. & Johnson, M. 2008. Protected areas in Europe: principle and practice. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1134, 97-119.

Greve, M., Gaston, K.J., van Rensburg, B.J. & Chown, S.L. 2008. Environmental factors, regional body size distributions, and spatial variation in body size of local avian assemblages. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17, 514-523.

Guilhaumon, F., Gimenez, O., Gaston, K.J. & Mouillot, D. 2009. Taxonomic and regional uncertainty in species-area relationships and the identification of richness hotspots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105, 15458-15463.

Jackson, S.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Incorporating public and private land in conservation planning: the ecological effectiveness of protected areas in Britain. Ecological Applications 18, 1050-1060.

Jackson, S.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. The unpredictability of favourability: condition assessment and protected areas in England. Biodiversity & Conservation 17, 749-764.

Jackson, S.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Land use change and the dependence of national priority species on protected areas. Global Change Biology 14, 2132-2138.

Loram, A., Thompson, K., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Urban domestic gardens (XII): The richness and composition of the flora in five cities. Journal of Vegetation Science 19, 321-330.

Loram, A., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Urban domestic gardens (XIV): the characteristics of gardens in five cities. Environmental Management 42, 361-376.

Mace, G.M., Collar, N.J., Gaston, K.J., Hilton-Taylor, C., Akçakaya, H.R., Leader-Williams, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J. & Stuart, S.N. 2008. Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN’s system for classifying threatened species. Conservation Biology 22, 1424-1442.

Newson, S.E., Evans, K.L., Noble, D.G. Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Use of distance sampling to improve estimates of national population sizes for common and widespread breeding birds in the UK. Journal of Applied Ecology 45, 1330-1338.

Phillimore, A.B., Orme, C.D.L., Thomas, G.H., Blackburn, T.M., Bennett, P.M., Gaston, K.J. & Owens, I.P.F. 2008. Sympatric speciation in birds is rare: insights from range data and simulations. American Naturalist 171, 646-657.

Pyak, A.I., Shaw, S.C., Ebel, A.L., Zverev, A.A., Hodgson, J.G, Wheeler, B.D., Gaston, K.J., Morenko, M.O., Revushkin A.S., Kotukhov, Yu.A., Oyunchimeg, D. 2008. Endemic plants of the Altai mountain country. WILDGuides, Old Basing, Hampshire.

Sims, V., Evans, K.L., Newson, S.E., Tratalos, J.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. Avian assemblage structure and domestic cat densities in urban environments. Diversity and Distributions 14, 387-399.

Storch, D., Šizling, A.L., Reif, J., Polechová, J., Šizlingová, E. & Gaston, K.J. 2008. The quest for a null model for macroecological patterns: geometry of species distributions at multiple spatial scales. Ecology Letters 11, 771-784.

Sutherland, W.J., Bailey, M.J., Bainbridge, I.P., Brereton, T., Dick, J.T.A., Drewitt, J., Dulvy, N.K., Dusic, N.R., Freckleton, R.P., Gaston, K.J., Gilder, P.M., Green, R.E., Heathwaite, L., Johnson, S M., Macdonald, D.W., Mitchell, R., Osborn, D., Owen, R.P., Pretty, J., Prior, S.V., Prosser, H., Pullin, A.S., Rose, P., Stott, A., Tew, T., Thomas, C.D., Thompson, D.B.A., Vickery, J.A., Walker, M., Walmsley, C., Warrington, S., Watkinson, A.R., Williams, R.J., Woodroffe, R. & Woodroof, H.J. 2008. Future novel threats and opportunities facing UK biodiversity identified by horizon scanning. Journal of Applied Ecology 45, 821-833.

Thomas, G.H., Orme, C.D.L., Davies, R.G., Olson, V.A., Bennett, P.M., Gaston, K.J., Owens, I.P.F. & Blackburn, T.M. 2008. Regional variation in the historical components of global avian species richness. Global Ecology and Biogeography 17, 340-351.

2007
Barbosa, O., Tratalos, J.A., Armsworth, P.R., Davies, R.G., Fuller, R.A., Johnson, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Who benefits from access to green space? A case study from Sheffield, UK. Landscape and Urban Planning 83, 187-195.

Bebber, D.P., Harris, S.A., Gaston, K.J. & Scotland, R.W. 2007. Ethnobotany and the first printed records of British flowering plants. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16, 103-108.

Bebber, D.P., Marriott, F.H.C., Gaston, K.J., Harris, S.A. & Scotland, R.W. 2007. Predicting unknown species numbers using discovery curves. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 274, 1651-1658.

Beckerman, A.P., Boots, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Urban bird declines and the fear of cats. Animal Conservation 10, 320-325.

Davies, R.G., Orme, C.D.L., Storch, D., Olson, V.A., Thomas, G.H., Ross, S.G., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Bennett, P.M., Owens, I.P.F., Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 274, 1189-1197.

Davies, R.G. Orme, C.D.L., Webster, A.J., Jones, K.E., Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Environmental predictors of global parrot (Aves: Psittaciformes) species richness and phylogenetic diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16, 220-233.

Evans, K.L., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. The positive correlation between avian species richness and human population density in Britain is not attributable to sampling bias. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16, 300-304.

Evans, K.L., Lennon, J.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Slopes of avian species-area relationships, human population density, and environmental factors. Avian Conservation and Ecology – Écologie et Conservation des Oiseaux 2(2), 7 [online] http://www.ace-eco.org/vol2/iss2/art7/

Fuller, R.A., Irvine, K.N., Devine-Wright, P., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Psychological benefits of greenspace increase with biodiversity. Biology Letters 3, 390-394.

Fuller, R.A., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Daytime noise predicts nocturnal singing in urban robins. Biology Letters 3, 368-370.

Fuller, R.J., Gaston, K.J. & Quine, C.P. 2007. Living on the edge: British and Irish woodland birds in a European context. Ibis 149 (Suppl. 2), 53-63.

Gaston, K.J. 2007. Latitudinal gradient in species richness. Current Biology 17, R574.

Gaston, K.J., Cush, P., Ferguson, S., Frost, P., Gaston, S., Knight, D., Loram, A., Smith, R.M., Thompson, K. & Warren, P.H. 2007. Improving the contribution of urban gardens for wildlife: some guiding propositions. British Wildlife 18, 171-177.

Gaston, K.J., Davies, R.G., Orme, C.D.L., Olson, V.A., Thomas, G.H., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Lennon, J.J., Bennett, P.M., Owens, I.P.F. & Blackburn, T.M. 2007. Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 274, 1567-1574.

Gaston, K.J. & Fuller, R.A. 2007. Biodiversity and extinction: losing the common and the widespread. Progress in Physical Geography 31, 213-225.

Gaston, K.J., Fuller, R.A., Loram, A., MacDonald, C., Power, S. & Dempsey, N. 2007. Urban domestic gardens (XI): Variation in urban wildlife gardening in the UK. Biodiversity and Conservation 16, 3227-3238.

Grenyer, R., Orme, C.D.L., Davies, T.J., Jackson, S.F., Davies, R.G., Olson, V.A., Jones, K.E., Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M., Thomas, G.H., Bennett, P.M., Rasmussen, P.C., Ding, T-S., Gittleman, J.L. & Owens, I.P.F. 2007. Grenyer et al. reply. Nature 450, E20.

He, F.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Estimating abundance from occurrence: an underdetermined problem. American Naturalist 170, 655-659.

Loram, A., Tratalos, J., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Urban domestic gardens (X): the extent & structure of the resource in five cities. Landscape Ecology 22, 601-615.

Mouillot, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Geographic range size heritability: what do neutral models with different modes of speciation predict? Global Ecology and Biogeography 16, 367-380.

Petchey, O.L., Evans, K.L., Fishburn, I.S. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Low functional diversity and no redundancy in British avian assemblages. Journal of Animal Ecology 76, 977-985.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Dendrograms and measuring functional diversity. Oikos 116, 1422-1426.

Phillimore, A.B., Orme, C.D.L., Davies, R.G., Hadfield, J.D., Reed, W.J., Gaston, K.J., Freckleton, R.P., & Owens, I.P.F. 2007. Biogeographical basis of recent phenotypic divergence among birds: A global study of subspecies richness. Evolution 61, 942-957.

Tratalos, J., Fuller, R.A., Evans, K.L., Davies, R.G., Newson, S.E., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Bird densities are associated with household densities. Global Change Biology 13, 1685-1695.

Tratalos, J., Fuller, R.A., Warren, P.H., Davies, R.G. & Gaston, K.J. 2007. Urban form, biodiversity potential and ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning 83, 308-317.

2006
Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Variations on a theme: sources of heterogeneity in the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and distribution. Journal of Animal Ecology 75, 1426-1439.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. There’s more to macroecology than meets the eye. Global Ecology and Biogeography 15, 537-540.

Clarke, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Climate, energy and diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 273, 2257-2266.

Davies, R.G., Orme, C.D.L., Olson, V., Thomas, G.H., Ross, S.G., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Stattersfield, A.J., Bennett, P.M., Blackburn, T.M., Owens, I.P.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Human impacts and the global distribution of extinction risk. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 273, 2127-2133.

Evans, K.L., Jackson, S.F., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Species traits and the form of individual species-energy relationships. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 273, 1779-1787.

Evans, K.L., James, N.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Abundance, species richness and energy availability in the North American avifauna. Global Ecology and Biogeography 15, 372-385.

Evans, K.L., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Chown , S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Protected areas and regional avian species richness in South Africa. Biology Letters 2, 184-188.

Evans, K.L., van Rensburg, B.J., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2006. People, species richness and human population growth. Global Ecology and Biogeography 15, 625-636.

Gaston, K.J., Borges, P.A.V., He, F. & Gaspar, C. 2006. Abundance, spatial variance, & occupancy: species distribution in the Azores. Journal of Animal Ecology 75, 646-656.

Gaston, K.J., Charman, K., Jackson, S.F., Armsworth, P.R., Bonn, A., Briers, R.A., Callaghan, C.S.Q., Catchpole, R., Hopkins, J., Kunin, W.E., Latham, J., Opdam, P., Stoneman, R., Stroud, D.A. & Tratt, R. 2006. The ecological effectiveness of protected areas: the United Kingdom. Biological Conservation 132, 76-87.

Grenyer, R., Orme, C.D.L., Jackson, S.F., Thomas, G.H., Davies, R.G., Davies, T.J., Jones, K.E., Olson, V.A., Ridgely, R.S., Rasmussen, P.C., Ding, T-S., Bennett, P.M., Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J., Gittleman, J.L. & Owens, I.P.F. 2006. The global distribution and conservation of rare and threatened vertebrates. Nature 444, 93-96.

Mora, C., Andréfouët, S., Costello, M.J., Kranenburg, C., Rollo, A., Veron, J., Gaston, K.J. & Myers, R.A. 2006. Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas. Science 312, 1750-1751.

Mora, C., Andréfouët, S., Costello, M.J., Kranenburg, C., Rollo, A., Veron, J., Gaston, K.J. & Myers, R.A. 2006. Response to comments on “Coral reefs and the global network of marine protected areas”. Science 314, 758-759.

Mouillot, D., Krasnov, B.R., Shenbrot, G.I., Gaston, K.J. & Poulin, R. 2006. Conservatism of host specificity in parasites. Ecography 29, 596-602.

Orme, C.D.L., Davies, R.G., Olson, V.A., Thomas, G.H., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Ridgely, R.S., Stattersfield, A.J., Bennett, P.M., Owens, I.P.F., Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Global patterns of geographic range size in birds. PLoS Biology 4, 1276-1283.

Pautasso, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. A test of the mechanisms behind avian generalized individuals-area relationships. Global Ecology and Biogeography 15, 303-317.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward. Ecology Letters 9, 741-758.

Smith R.M., Gaston K.J., Warren P.H. & Thompson, K. 2006. Urban domestic gardens (VIII): environmental correlates of invertebrate abundance. Biodiversity and Conservation 15, 2515-2545.

Smith, R.M., Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Urban domestic gardens (IX): Composition and richness of the vascular plant flora, and implications for native biodiversity. Biological Conservation 129, 312-322.

Smith, R.M., Warren, P.H., Thompson, K. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Urban domestic gardens (VI): environmental correlates of invertebrate species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation 15, 2415-2438.

Storch, D., Davies, R.G., Zajíček, S., Orme, C.D.L., Olson, V., Thomas, G.H., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Ridgely, R.S., Bennett, P.M., Blackburn, T.M., Owens, I.P.F. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Energy, range dynamics and global species richness patterns: reconciling mid-domain effects and environmental determinants of avian diversity. Ecology Letters 9, 1308-1320.

Vázquez, L-B. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. People and mammals in Mexico: conservation conflicts at a national scale. Biodiversity and Conservation 15, 2397-2414.

Webb, T.J., Gaston, K.J., Hannah, L. & Woodward, F.I. 2006. Coincident scales of forest feedback on climate and conservation in a diversity hot spot. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 273, 757-765.

2005
Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., Duncan, R.P., Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Response to comment on “Avian extinctions and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands”. Science 307, 1412b.

Blackburn, T.M., Petchey, O.L., Cassey, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Functional diversity of mammalian predators and extinction in island birds. Ecology 86, 2916-2923.

Bonn, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Capturing biodiversity: selecting priority areas for conservation using different criteria. Biodiversity and Conservation 14, 1083-1100.

Cannon, A.R., Chamberlain, D.E., Toms, M.P., Hatchwell, B.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Trends in the use of private gardens by wild birds in Great Britain 1995–2002. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 659-671.

Cassey, P., Blackburn, T.M., Duncan, R.P. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Causes of exotic bird establishment across oceanic islands. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 272, 2059-2063.

Cerdeira, J.O., Gaston, K.J. & Pinto, L.S. 2005. Connectivity in priority area selection for conservation. Environmental Modeling & Assessment 10, 183-192.

Chown, S.L., Hull, B. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Human impacts, energy availability and invasion across Southern Ocean Islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14, 521-528.

Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. People, energy and avian species richness. Global Ecology & Biogeography 14, 187-196.

Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2006. Can the evolutionary-rates hypothesis explain species-energy relationships? Functional Ecology 19, 899-915.

Evans, K.L., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Relative contribution of abundant and rare species to species-energy relationships. Biology Letters 1, 87-90.

Evans, K.L., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. The roles of extinction and colonisation in generating species-energy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology 74, 498-507.

Evans, K.L., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Dissecting the species-energy relationship. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 272, 2155-2163.

Evans, K.L., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Does energy availability influence classical patterns of spatial variation in exotic species richness? Global Ecology & Biogeography 14, 57-65.

Evans, K.L., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Species-energy relationships at the macroecological scale: a review of the mechanisms. Biological Reviews 80, 1-25.

Gaston, K.J. 2005. Biodiversity and extinction: species and people. Progress in Physical Geography 29, 239-247.

Gaston, K.J., Davies, R.G., Gascoigne, C.E. & Williamson, M. 2005. The structure of global species-range size distributions: raptors & owls. Global Ecology & Biogeography 14, 67-76.

Gaston, K.J., Smith, R.M., Thompson, K. & Warren, P.H. 2005. Urban domestic gardens (II): experimental tests of methods for increasing biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 14, 395-413.

Gaston, K.J., Warren, P.H., Thompson, K. & Smith, R.M. 2005. Urban domestic gardens (IV): the extent of the resource and its associated features. Biodiversity and Conservation 14, 3327-3349.

Greve, M., Gremmen, N.J.M., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2005. Nestedness of Southern Ocean island biotas: ecological perspectives on a biogeographic conundrum. Journal of Biogeography 32, 155-168.

Hänel, C., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Gough Island: a natural history. African Sun Media, Stellenbosch.

He, F., Gaston, K.J., Connor, E.F. & Srivastava, D.S. 2005. The local-regional relationship: immigration, extinction and scale. Ecology 86, 360-365.

Orme, C.D.L., Davies, R.G., Burgess, M., Eigenbrod, F., Pickup, N., Olson, V., Webster, A.J., Ding, T-S., Rasmussen, P.C., Ridgely, R.S., Stattersfield, A.J., Bennett, P.M., Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Owens, I.P.F. 2005. Global hotspots of species richness are not congruent with endemism or threat. Nature 436, 1016-1019.

Parr, C.L., Sinclair, B.J., Andersen, A.N., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2005. Constraint and competition in assemblages: a cross-continental and modelling approach for ants. American Naturalist 165, 481-494.

Pautasso, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Resources and global avian assemblage structure in forests. Ecology Letters 8, 282-289.

Pérez-Arteaga, A., Jackson, S.F., Carrera, E. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Priority sites for wildfowl conservation in Mexico. Animal Conservation 8, 41-50.

Smith, R.M., Gaston, K.J., Warren, P.H. & Thompson, K. 2005. Urban domestic gardens (V): relationships between landcover composition, housing and landscape. Landscape Ecology 20, 235-253.

Storch, D., Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. The species-area-energy relationship. Ecology Letters 8, 487-492.

Thompson, K., Colsell, S., Carpenter, J., Smith, R.M., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Urban domestic gardens (VII): a preliminary survey of soil seed banks. Seed Science Research 15, 133-141.

Webb, T.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Heritability of geographic range sizes revisited: A reply to Hunt et al. American Naturalist 166, 136-143.

Webb, T.J., Woodward, F.I., Hannah, L. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. Forest cover-rainfall relationships in a biodiversity hotspot: the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Ecological Applications 15, 1968-1983.

Williamson, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2005. The lognormal distribution is not an appropriate null hypothesis for the species-abundance distribution. Journal of Animal Ecology 74, 409-422.

Zapata, F.A., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2005. The mid-domain effect revisited. American Naturalist 166, E144-E148.

2004
Blackburn, T.M., Cassey, P., Duncan, R.P., Evans, K.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Avian extinction and mammalian introductions on oceanic islands. Science 305, 1955-1958.

Bonn, A., Storch, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Structure of the species-energy relationship. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 271, 1685-1691.

Chown, S.L., Sinclair, B.J., Leinaas, H.P. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Hemispheric asymmetries in biodiversity – a serious matter for ecology. PLoS Biology 2, 1701-1707.

Cowling, J., Spicer, J.I., Gaston, K.J. & Weeks, J.M. 2004. Current status of an amphipod invader, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt, 1925) in Britain. Journal of Natural History 38, 1665-1675.

Cowling J.E., Weeks, J.M., Spicer, J.I. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Physiological tolerances of the euterrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) as a key to its geographical distribution? A test using microcosms. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A 139, 251-259.

Gaston, K.J. 2004. Macroecology and people. Basic and Applied Ecology 5, 303-307.

Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. 2004. Birds and people in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 271, 1649-1655.

Gaston, K.J., Genney, D.R., Thurlow, M. & Hartley, S.E. 2004. The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. IV. Effects of variation in host-plant quality. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 911-924.

Gaston, K.J. & O’Neill, M.A. 2004. Automated species identification – why not? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B 359, 655-667.

Gaston, K.J. & Spicer, J.I. 2004. Biodiversity: an introduction. 2nd edition. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Holt, A.R., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. The importance of habitat heterogeneity, biotic interactions and dispersal in abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 841-851.

Jackson, S.F., Kershaw, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. The performance of procedures for selecting conservation areas: wildfowl in the U.K. Biological Conservation 118, 261-270.

Jackson, S.F., Kershaw, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Size matters: the value of small populations for wintering waterbirds. Animal Conservation 7, 229-239.

Jackson, S.F., Kershaw, M. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. The buffer effect and the selection of protected areas for waterbirds in Britain. Biological Conservation 120, 137-143.

Lennon, J.J., Koleff, P., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Contribution of rarity and commonness to patterns of species richness. Ecology Letters 7, 81-87.

Pérez-Arteaga, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Wildfowl trends in Mexico, 1961-2000: a basis for conservation planning. Biological Conservation 115, 343-355.

Pérez-Arteaga, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Status of American Coot Fulica americana (Gruiformes: Rallidae) wintering in Mexico. Acta Zoológica Mexicana 20, 253-263.

Petchey, O.L., Hector, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. How do different measures of functional diversity perform? Ecology 85, 847-857.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Akçakaya, H.R., Andelman, S.J., Bakarr, M.I., Boitani, L., Brooks, T.M., Chanson, J.S., Fishpool, L.D.C., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Gaston, K.J., Hoffmann, M., Marquet, P.A., Pilgrim, J.D., Pressey, R.L., Schipper, J., Sechrest, W., Stuart, S.N., Underhill, L.G., Waller, R.W., Watts, M.E.J. & Yan, X. 2004. Global gap analysis: priority regions for expanding the global protected-area network. BioScience 54, 1092-1100.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Andelman, S.J., Bakarr, M.I., Boitani, L., Brooks, T.M., Cowling, R.M., Fishpool, L.D.C., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Gaston, K.J., Hoffmann, M., Long, J.S., Marquet, P.A., Pilgrim, J.D., Pressey, R.L., Schipper, J., Sechrest, W., Stuart, S.N., Underhill, L.G., Waller, R.W., Watts, M.E.J. & Yan, X. 2004. Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity. Nature 428, 640-643.

Storch, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Untangling ecological complexity on different scales of space and time. Basic and Applied Ecology 5, 389-400.

Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G., Smith, R.M., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Urban domestic gardens (III): Composition and diversity of lawn floras. Journal of Vegetation Science 15, 371-376.

van Rensburg, B.J., Erasmus, B.F.N., van Jaarsveld, A.S., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2004. Conservation during times of change: correlations between birds, climate and people in South Africa. South African Journal of Science 100, 266-272.

van Rensburg, B.J., Koleff, P., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2004. Spatial congruence of ecological transition at the regional scale in South Africa. Journal of Biogeography 31, 843-854.

Vázquez, L-B. & Gaston, K.J. 2004. Rarity, commonness, and patterns of species richness: the mammals of Mexico. Global Ecology & Biogeography 13, 535-542.

2003
Balmford, A., Gaston, K.J., Blyth, S., James, A. & Kapos, V. 2003. Global variation in conservation costs, conservation benefits, and unmet conservation needs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100, 1046-1050.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. (eds) 2003. Macroecology: concepts and consequences. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.

Brewer, A.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. II. Demographic rates. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 82-93.

Chown, S.L., Addo-Bediako, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Physiological diversity: listening to the large-scale signal. Functional Ecology 17, 568-572.

Chown, S.L., van Rensburg, B.J., Gaston, K.J., Rodrigues, A.S.L. & van Jaarsveld, A.S. 2003. Species richness, human population size and energy: conservation implications at a national scale. Ecological Applications 13, 1233-1241.

Cowling, J., Spicer, J.I., Weeks, J.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Environmental tolerances of an invasive terrestrial amphipod, Arcitalitrus dorrieni (Hunt) in Britain. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 136, 735-747.

Gaston, K.J. 2003. The structure and dynamics of geographic ranges. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 2003. Dispersal and the interspecific abundance-occupancy relationship in British birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12, 373-379.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Klein Goldewijk, K. 2003. Habitat conversion and global avian biodiversity loss. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 270, 1293-1300.

Gaston, K.J., Jones, A.G., Hänel, C. & Chown, S.L. 2003. Rates of species introduction to a remote oceanic island. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 270, 1091-1098.

Gaston, K.J. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. 2003. Reserve selection in regions with poor biological data. Conservation Biology 17, 188-195.

He, F. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Occupancy, spatial variance, and the abundance of species. American Naturalist 162, 366-375.

Holt, A.R. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships of British mammals and birds: is it possible to explain the residual variation? Global Ecology and Biogeography 12, 37-46.

Jones, A.G., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Introduced house mice as a conservation concern on Gough Island. Biodiversity and Conservation 12, 2107-2119.

Jones, A.G., Chown, S.L., Ryan, P.G., Gremmen, N.J.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Conservation threats on Gough Island: a case study for terrestrial conservation in the Southern Oceans. Biological Conservation 113, 75-87.

Jones, A.G., Chown, S.L., Webb, T.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. The free-living pterygote insects of Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Systematics and Biodiversity 1, 213-273.

Klok, J., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. III. Cold hardiness physiology. Functional Ecology 17, 858-868.

Koleff, P., Gaston, K.J. & Lennon, J.J. 2003. Measuring beta diversity for presence-absence data. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 367-382.

Koleff, P., Lennon, J.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Are there latitudinal gradients in species turnover? Global Ecology and Biogeography 12, 483-498.

Storch, D., Konvicka, M., Benes, J., Martinková, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2003 Distribution patterns in butterflies and birds of the Czech Republic: separating effects of habitat and geographical position. Journal of Biogeography 30, 1195-1205.

Storch, D., Šizling, A.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Geometry of the species-area relationship in central European birds: testing the mechanism. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 509-519.

Thompson, K., Austin, K.C., Smith, R.H., Warren, P.H., Angold, P.G. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Urban domestic gardens (I): Putting small-scale plant diversity in context. Journal of Vegetation Science 14, 71-78.

Webb, T.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. On the heritability of geographic range sizes. American Naturalist 161, 553-566.

Zapata, F.A., Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L. 2003. Mid-domain models of species richness gradients: assumptions, methods and evidence. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 677-690.

2002
Addo-Bediako, A., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Metabolic cold adaptation in insects: a large-scale perspective. Functional Ecology 16, 332-338.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Scale in macroecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11, 185-189.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Extrinsic factors and the population sizes of threatened birds. Ecology Letters 5, 568-576.

Bonn, A., Rodrigues, A.S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Threatened and endemic species: are they good indicators of biodiversity on a national scale? Ecology Letters 5, 733-741.

Brewer, A.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner I: population density. Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 99-111.

Chown, S.L. Addo-Bediako, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Physiological variation in insects: large-scale patterns and their implications. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part B 131, 587-602.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 2002. Large-scale dynamics in colonization and extinction for breeding birds in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 390-399.

Gaston, K.J. & He, F. 2002. The distribution of species range size: a stochastic process. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 269, 1079-1086.

Gaston, K.J. & Matter, S.F. 2002. Individuals-area relationships: Comment. Ecology 83, 288-293.

He, F., Gaston, K.J. & Wu, J. 2002. On species occupancy-abundance models. Écoscience 9, 119-126.

Holt, A.R., Gaston, K.J. & He, F. 2002. Occupancy-abundance relationships and spatial distribution. Basic and Applied Ecology 3, 1-13.

Holt, A.R., Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. The importance of biotic interactions in abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 846-854.

Jones, A.G., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Terrestrial invertebrates of Gough Island: an assemblage under threat? African Entomology 10, 83-91.

Koleff, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. The relationships between local and regional species richness and spatial turnover. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11, 363-375.

McGeoch, M.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Occupancy frequency distributions: patterns, artefacts and mechanisms. Biological Reviews 77, 311-331.

Pérez-Arteaga, A., Gaston, K.J. & Kershaw, M. 2002. Undesignated sites in Mexico qualifying as wetlands of international importance. Biological Conservation 107, 47-57.

Pérez-Arteaga, A., Gaston, K.J. & Kershaw, M. 2002. Population trends and priority conservation sites for the Mexican Duck Anas diazi. Bird Conservation International 12, 35-52.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Functional diversity (FD), species richness and community composition. Ecology Letters 5, 402-411.

Petchey, O.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Extinction and the loss of functional diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 269, 1721-1727.

Reynolds, J.W., Jones, A.G., Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 2002. The earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) of Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Megadrilogica 9, 5-15.

Rodrigues, A.S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Rarity and conservation planning across geopolitical units. Conservation Biology 16, 674-682.

Rodrigues, A.S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Maximising phylogenetic diversity in the selection of networks of conservation areas. Biological Conservation 105, 103-111.

Rodrigues, A.S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Optimisation in reserve selection procedures – why not? Biological Conservation 107, 123-129.

Storch, D., Gaston, K.J. & Cepak, J. 2002. Pink landscapes: 1/f spectra of spatial environmental variability and bird community composition. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 269, 1791-1796.

van Rensburg, B.J., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Species richness, environmental correlates, and spatial scale: a test using South African birds. American Naturalist 159, 566-577.

2001
Addo-Bediako, A., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. Revisiting water loss in insects: a large scale view. Journal of Insect Physiology 47, 1377-1388.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. Linking patterns in macroecology. Journal of Animal Ecology 70, 338-352.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. Local avian assemblages as random draws from regional pools. Ecography 24, 50-58.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Duncan, R.P. 2001. Population density and geographic range size in the introduced and native passerine faunas of New Zealand. Diversity and Distributions 7, 209-221.

Chown, S.L., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Gremmen, N.J.M. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. World Heritage status and conservation of Southern Ocean islands. Conservation Biology 15, 550-557.

Cowley, M.J.R., Thomas, C.D., Roy, D.B., Wilson, R.J., León-Cortés, J.L., Gutiérrez, D., Bulman, C.R., Quinn, R.M., Moss, D. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. Density-distribution relationships in British butterflies I. The effect of mobility and spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology 70, 410-425.

Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L. & Mercer, R.D. 2001. The animal species-body size distribution of Marion Island. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98, 14493-14496.

Gaston, K.J., Rodrigues, A.S.L., van Rensburg, B.J., Koleff, P. & Chown, S.L. 2001. Complementary representation and zones of ecological transition. Ecology Letters 4, 4-9.

Gaston, K.J. & Spicer, J.I. 2001. The relationship between range size and niche breadth: a test using five species of Gammarus (Amphipoda). Global Ecology and Biogeography 10, 179-188.

James, A., Gaston, K.J. & Balmford, A. 2001. Can we afford to conserve biodiversity? BioScience 51, 43-52.

Koleff, P. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. Latitudinal gradients in diversity: real patterns and random models. Ecography 24, 341-351.

Lennon, J.J., Koleff, P., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. The geographical structure of British bird distributions: diversity, spatial turnover and scale. Journal of Animal Ecology 70, 966-979.

Rodrigues, A.S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2001. How large do reserve networks need to be? Ecology Letters 4, 602-609.

Williamson, M., Gaston, K.J. & Lonsdale, W.M. 2001. The species-area relationship does not have an asymptote! Journal of Biogeography 28, 827-830.

2000
Addo-Bediako, A., Chown, S.L. &. Gaston, K.J. 2000. Thermal tolerance, climatic variability and latitude. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 267, 739-745.

Balmford, A., Gaston, K.J., Rodrigues, A.S.L. & James, A.N. 2000. On integrating costs of conservation into international priority setting. Conservation Biology 14, 597-605.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Areas, cradles, and museums: the latitudinal gradient in species richness. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15, 311-315.

Gaston, K.J. 2000. Global patterns in biodiversity. Nature 405, 220-227.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 2000. Pattern and process in macroecology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M., Greenwood, J.J.D., Gregory, R.D., Quinn, R.M. & Lawton, J.H. 2000. Abundance-occupancy relationships. Journal of Applied Ecology 37 (Suppl. 1), 39-59.

Gregory, R.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Explanations of commonness and rarity in British breeding birds: separating resource use and resource availability. Oikos 88, 515-526.

He, F. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Estimating species abundance from occurrence. American Naturalist 156, 553-559.

He, F. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Occupancy-abundance relationships and sampling scales. Ecography 23, 503-511.

McGeoch, M.A. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Edge effects on the prevalence and mortality factors of Phytomyza ilicis (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in a suburban woodland. Ecology Letters 3, 23-29.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Orestes Cerdeira, J. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Flexibility, efficiency, and accountability: adapting reserve selection algorithms to more complex conservation problems. Ecography 23, 565-574.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Gaston, K.J. & Gregory, R.D. 2000. Using presence-absence data to establish reserve selection procedures that are robust to temporal species turnover. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 267, 897-902.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Gregory, R.D. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Robustness of reserve selection procedures under temporal species turnover. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 267, 49-56.

Webb, T.J. & Gaston, K.J. 2000. Geographic range size and evolutionary age in birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 267, 1843-1850.

1999
Balmford, A. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Why biodiversity surveys pay. Nature 398, 204-205.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. The relationship between abundance and body size: a review of the mechanisms. Advances in Ecological Research 28, 181-210.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Loder, N. 1999. Geographic gradients in body size: a clarification of Bergmann’s rule. Diversity and Distributions 5, 165-174.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J., Quinn, R.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1999. Do local abundances of British birds change with proximity to range edge? Journal of Biogeography 26, 493-505.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Density, survey area, and the perfection (or otherwise) of ecologists. Oikos 85, 570-573.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Exploring links between physiology and ecology at macro-scales: the role of respiratory metabolism in insects. Biological Reviews 74, 87-120.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Patterns in pelagic seabird diversity as a test of species-energy theory. Evolutionary Ecology Research 1, 365-373.

Erasmus, B.F.N., Freitag, S., Gaston, K.J., Erasmus, B.H. & van Jaarsveld, A.S. 1999. Scale and conservation planning in the real world. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 266, 315-319.

Gaston, K.J. 1999. Implications of interspecific and intraspecific abundance-occupancy relationships. Oikos 86, 195-207.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1999. Macroecology: a critique. Oikos 84, 353-368. [Reprinted in Fenchel, T. (ed) Ecology 1999 and tomorrow. Oikos Editorial Office]

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1999. Does variation in census area confound density comparisons? Journal of Applied Ecology 36, 191-204.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1999. Intraspecific abundance-range size relationships: case studies of six bird species in Britain. Diversity and Distributions 5, 197-212.

Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 1999. Why Rapoport’s rule does not generalise. Oikos 84, 309-312.

Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. 1999. Elevation and climatic tolerance: a test using dung beetles. Oikos 86, 584-590.

Gaston, K.J., Gregory, R.D. & Blackburn, T.M. 1999. Intraspecific relationships between abundance and occupancy among the Paridae and Sylviidae in Britain. Écoscience 6, 131-142.

James, A.N., Gaston, K.J. & Balmford, A. 1999. Balancing the Earth’s accounts. Nature 401, 323-324.

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Tratt, R., Wheeler, B.D. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. The performance of existing networks of conservation areas in representing biodiversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 266, 1453-1460.

Spicer, J.I. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Physiological diversity and its ecological implications. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Spicer, J.I. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Amphipod gigantism dictated by oxygen availability? Ecology Letters 2, 397-403.

Thompson, K., Gaston, K.J. & Band, S.R. 1999. Range, dispersal and niche breadth in the herbaceous flora of central England. Journal of Ecology 87, 150-155.

Weeks, P.J.D., O’Neill, M.A., Gaston, K.J. & Gauld, I.D. 1999. Automating insect identification: exploring the limitations of a prototype system. Journal of Applied Entomology 123, 1-8.

Weeks, P.J.D., O’Neill, M.A., Gaston, K.J. & Gauld, I.D. 1999. Species identification of wasps using principal component associative memories. Image and Vision Computing 17, 861-866.

Williamson, M. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. A simple transformation for sets of range sizes. Ecography 22, 674-680.

1998
Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1998. Some methodological issues in macroecology. American Naturalist 151, 68-83.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1998. The distribution of mammal body masses. Diversity and Distributions 4, 121-133.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J., Greenwood, J.J.D. & Gregory, R.D. 1998. The anatomy of the interspecific abundance-range size relationship for the British avifauna: II. Temporal dynamics. Ecology Letters 1, 47-55.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1998. Patterns in the geographic ranges of woodpeckers (Aves: Picidae). Ibis 140, 626-638.

Chown, S.L., Gaston, K.J. & Williams, P.H. 1998. Global patterns in species richness of pelagic seabirds: the Procellariiformes. Ecography 21, 342-350.

Chown, S.L., Gremmen, N.J.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1998. Ecological biogeography of Southern Ocean islands: species-area relationships, human impacts, and conservation. American Naturalist 152, 562-575.

Gaston, K.J. 1998. Species-range size distributions: products of speciation, extinction and transformation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B 353, 219-230.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1998. Interspecific differences in intraspecific abundance-range size relationships of British breeding birds. Ecography 21, 149-158.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M., Gregory, R.D. & Greenwood, J.J.D. 1998. The anatomy of the interspecific abundance-range size relationship for the British avifauna: I. Spatial patterns. Ecology Letters 1, 38-46.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Lawton, J.H. 1998. Aggregation and the interspecific abundance-occupancy relationship. Journal of Animal Ecology 67, 995-999.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Spicer, J.I. 1998. Rapoport’s rule: time for an epitaph? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13, 70-74.

Gaston, K.J. & Curnutt, J.L. 1998. The dynamics of abundance-range size relationships. Oikos 81, 38-44.

Gaston, K.J., Quinn, R.M., Blackburn, T.M. & Eversham, B.C. 1998. Species-range size distributions in Britain. Ecography 21, 361-370.

Gaston, K.J. & Spicer, J.I. 1998. Biodiversity: an introduction. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Gaston, K.J. & Spicer, J.I. 1998. Do upper thermal tolerances differ in geographically-separated populations of the beachflea Orchestia gammarellus (Crustacea: Amphipoda)? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 229, 265-276.

Loder, N., Gaston, K.J., Warren, P.H. & Arnold, H.R. 1998. Body size and feeding specificity: macrolepidoptera in Britain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 63, 121-139.

Quinn, R.M., Gaston, K.J. & Roy, D.B. 1998. Coincidence in the distributions of butterflies and their foodplants. Ecography 21, 279-288.

Thompson, K., Hodgson, J.G. & Gaston, K.J. 1998. Abundance-range size relationships in the herbaceous flora of central England. Journal of Ecology 86, 439-448.

van Jaarsveld, A.S., Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L. & Freitag, S. 1998. Throwing biodiversity out with the binary data? South African Journal of Science 94, 210-214.

Williams, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1998. Biodiversity indicators: graphical techniques, smoothing and searching for what makes relationships work. Ecography 21, 551-560.

1997
Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. A critical assessment of the form of the interspecific relationship between abundance and body size for animals. Journal of Animal Ecology 66, 233-249.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. The relationship between geographic area and the latitudinal gradient in species richness in New World birds. Evolutionary Ecology 11, 195-204.

Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Gregory, R.D. 1997. Abundance-range size relationships in British birds: is unexplained variation a product of life history? Ecography 20, 466-474.

Blackburn,T.M., Gaston, K.J., Quinn, R.M., Arnold, H. & Gregory, R.D. 1997. Of mice and wrens: the relation between abundance and geographic range size in British mammals and birds. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London 352, 419-427.

Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. The species-body size distribution: energy, fitness and optimality. Functional Ecology 11, 365-375.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1997. Evolutionary age and risk of extinction in the global avifauna. Evolutionary Ecology 11, 557-565.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1997. How many birds are there? Biodiversity and Conservation 6, 615-625.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1997. Age, area and avian diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 62, 239-253.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1997. Interspecific abundance-range size relationships: range position and phylogeny. Ecography 20, 390-399.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. & Gregory, R.D. 1997. Abundance-range size relationships of breeding and wintering birds in Britain: a comparative analysis. Ecography 20, 569-579.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Lawton, J.H. 1997. Interspecific abundance-range size relationships: an appraisal of mechanisms. Journal of Animal Ecology 66, 579-601.

Gaston, K.J., Chown, S.L. & Styles, C.V. 1997. Changing size and changing enemies: the case of the mopane worm. Acta Oecologica 18, 21-26.

Gaston, K.J. & Warren, P.H. 1997. Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships and the effects of disturbance: a test using microcosms. Oecologia 112, 112-117.

Holt, R.D., Lawton, J.H., Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1997. On the relationship between range size and local abundance: back to basics. Oikos 78, 183-190.

Kunin, W.E. & Gaston, K.J. (eds) 1997. The biology of rarity: causes and consequences of rare-common differences. Chapman & Hall, London.

Loder, N., Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. The slippery slope: towards an understanding of the body size frequency distribution. Oikos 78, 195-201.

Quinn, R.M., Gaston, K.J. & Roy, D.B. 1997. Coincidence between consumer and host occurrence: macrolepidoptera in Britain. Ecological Entomology 22, 197-208.

Quinn, R.M., Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Eversham, B.C. 1997. Abundance-range size relationships of macrolepidoptera in Britain: the effects of taxonomy and life history variables. Ecological Entomology 22, 453-461.

Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. Interspecific abundance-occupancy relationships: a test of mechanisms using microcosms. Journal of Animal Ecology 66, 730-742.

Weeks, P.J.D. & Gaston, K.J. 1997. Image analysis, neural networks, and the taxonomic impediment to biodiversity studies. Biodiversity and Conservation 6, 263-274.

Weeks, P.J.D., Gauld, I.D., Gaston, K.J. & O’Neill, M.A. 1997. Automating the identification of insects: a new solution to an old problem. Bulletin of Entomological Research 87, 203-211.

Williams, P.H., Gaston, K.J. & Humphries, C.J. 1997. Large-scale patterns of biodiversity: combining higher-taxon richness from different groups. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 264, 141-148.

1996
Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. Abundance-body size relationships: the area you census tells you more. Oikos 75, 303-309.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. On being the right size: different definitions of ‘right’. Oikos 75, 551-557.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. The distribution of bird species in the New World: Patterns in species turnover. Oikos 76, 146-152.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. Spatial patterns in the geographic range sizes of bird species in the New World. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London 351, 897-912.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. Spatial patterns in the species richness of birds in the New World. Ecography 19, 369-376.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. A sideways look at patterns in species richness, or why there are so few species outside the tropics. Biodiversity Letters 3, 44-53.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1996. Spatial patterns in the body sizes of bird species in the New World. Oikos 77, 436-446.

Gaston, K.J. (ed.) 1996. Biodiversity: a biology of numbers and difference. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Gaston, K.J. 1996. The multiple forms of the interspecific abundance-distribution relationship. Oikos 75, 211-220.

Gaston, K.J. 1996. Species-range size distributions: patterns, mechanisms and implications. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11, 197-201.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. Range size-body size relationships: evidence of scale dependence. Oikos 75, 479-485.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. The tropics as a museum of biological diversity: an analysis of the New World avifauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 263, 63-68.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. The spatial distribution of threatened species: macro-scales and New World birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 263, 235-240.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. Global scale macroecology: interactions between population size, geographic range size and body size in the Anseriformes. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, 701-714.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. Conservation implications of geographic range size-body size relationships. Conservation Biology 10, 638-646.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1996. Rarity and body size: generality is important. Conservation Biology 10, 1295-1298.

Gaston, K.J., Gauld, I.D. & Hanson, P. 1996. The size and composition of the hymenopteran fauna of Costa Rica. Journal of Biogeography 23, 105-113.

Gaston, K.J., Quinn, R.M., Wood, S. & Arnold, H.R. 1996. Measures of geographic range size: the effects of sample size. Ecography 19, 259-268.

Quinn, R.M., Gaston, K.J. & Arnold, H.R. 1996. Relative measures of geographic range size: empirical comparisons. Oecologia 107, 179-188.

1995
Beccaloni, G.W. & Gaston, K.J. 1995. Predicting the species richness of Neotropical forest butterflies: Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as indicators. Biological Conservation 71, 77-86.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1995. What determines the probability of discovering a species?: a study of South American oscine passerine birds. Journal of Biogeography 22, 7-14.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1995. The frequency distribution of bird body weights: aquatic and terrestrial species. Ibis 137, 237-240.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1995. Rarity and body size – some cautionary remarks. Conservation Biology 9, 210-213.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1995. Birds, body size, and the threat of extinction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London 347, 205-212.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1995. Mapping biodiversity using surrogates for species richness: macro-scales and New World birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 262, 335-341.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Loder, N. 1995. Which species are described first?: the case of North American butterfly species. Biodiversity and Conservation 4, 119-127.

Gaston, K.J. & Nicholls, A.O. 1995. Probable times to extinction of some rare breeding bird species in the United Kingdom. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 259, 119-123.

Gaston, K.J., Scoble, M.J. & Crook, A. 1995. Patterns in species description: a case study using the Geometridae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 55, 225-237.

Gaston, K.J., Williams, P.H., Eggleton, P. & Humphries, C.J. 1995. Large scale patterns of biodiversity: spatial variation in family richness. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 260, 149-154.

McArdle, B.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1995. The temporal variability of densities: back to basics. Oikos 74, 165-171.

Scoble, M.J., Gaston, K.J. & Crook, A. 1995. Using taxonomic data to estimate species richness in Geometridae (Lepidoptera). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 49, 136-147.

Solow, A., Mound, L.A. & Gaston, K.J. 1995. Estimating the rate of synonymy. Systematic Biology 44, 93-96.

1994
Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Body size and density: the limits to biomass and energy use. Oikos 69, 336-339.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. The distribution of body sizes of the world’s bird species. Oikos 70, 127-130.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Animal body size distributions change as more species are described. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 257, 293-297.

Blackburn, T.M. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Body size distributions: patterns, mechanisms and implications. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9, 471-474.

Eggleton, P., Williams, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Explaining global termite diversity: productivity or history? Biodiversity and Conservation 3, 318-330.

Gaston, K.J. 1994. Rarity. Chapman & Hall, London.

Gaston, K.J. 1994. Spatial patterns of species description: how is our knowledge of the global insect fauna growing? Biological Conservation, 67, 37-40.

Gaston, K.J. 1994. Measuring geographic range sizes. Ecography 17, 198-205.

Gaston, K.J. 1994. Geographic range sizes and trajectories to extinction. Biodiversity Letters 2, 163-170.

Gaston, K.J. & Blackburn, T.M. 1994. Are newly discovered bird species small-bodied? Biodiversity Letters 2, 16-20.

Gaston, K.J. & David, R. 1994. Hotspots across Europe. Biodiversity Letters 2, 108-116.

Gaston, K.J. & Hudson, E. 1994. Regional patterns of diversity and estimates of global insect species richness. Biodiversity and Conservation 3, 493-500.

Gaston, K.J. & McArdle, B.H. 1994. The temporal variability of animal abundances: measures, methods and patterns. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B 345, 335-358.

Williams, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Measuring more of biodiversity: can higher-taxon richness predict wholesale species richness? Biological Conservation 67, 211-217.

Williams, P.H., Gaston, K.J. & Humphries, C.J. 1994. Do conservationists and molecular biologists value differences between organisms in the same way? Biodiversity Letters 2, 67-78.

Williams, P.H., Humphries, C.J. & Gaston, K.J. 1994. Centres of seed-plant diversity: the family way. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 256, 67-70.

1993
Blackburn, T.M., Gaston, K.J. & Stork, N.E. 1993. Temporal dynamics of body size of beetles on oaks: a cautionary tale. Ecological Entomology 18, 399-401.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M., Hammond, P.M. & Stork, N.E. 1993. Relationships between abundance and body size – where do tourists fit? Ecological Entomology 18, 310-314.

Gaston, K.J., Blackburn, T.M. & Lawton, J.H. 1993. Comparing animals and automobiles: a vehicle for understanding species assemblages? Oikos 66, 172-179.

Gaston, K.J. & Gauld, I.D. 1993. How many species of pimplines are there in Costa Rica? Journal of Tropical Ecology 9, 491-499.

Gaston, K.J. & McArdle, B.H. 1993. Measurement of variation in the size of populations in space and time: some points of clarification. Oikos 68, 357-360.

Gaston, K.J. & Mound, L.A. 1993. Taxonomy, hypothesis testing and the biodiversity crisis. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London B 251, 139-142.

Gaston, K.J., New, T.R. & Samways, M.J. (eds) 1993. Perspectives on insect conservation. Intercept, Andover.

Gaston, K.J. & Williams, P.H. 1993. Mapping the world’s species – the higher taxon approach. Biodiversity Letters, 1, 2-8.

Kunin, W.E. & Gaston, K.J. 1993. The biology of rarity: patterns, causes, and consequences. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8, 298-301.

McArdle, B.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1993. The temporal variability of populations. Oikos 67, 187-191.

1992
Gaston, K.J. 1992. Regional numbers of insect and plant species. Functional Ecology 6, 243-247.

Gaston, K.J. & May, R.M. 1992. Taxonomy of taxonomists. Nature 356, 281-282.

Gaston, K.J., Reavey, D. & Valladares, G. 1992. Intimacy and fidelity: the case of the British microlepidoptera. Ecological Entomology 17, 86-88.

Gaston, K.J., Warren, P.H. & Hammond, P.M. 1992. Predator: non-predator ratios in beetle assemblages. Oecologia 90, 417-421.

Gauld, I.D., Gaston, K.J. & Janzen, D.H. 1992. Plant allelochemicals, tritrophic interactions and the anomalous diversity of tropical parasitoids: the “nasty” host hypothesis. Oikos 65, 353-357.

McArdle, B.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1992. Comparing population variabilities. Oikos 64, 610-612.

Warren, P.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1992. Predator-prey ratios: a special case of a general pattern? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London B 338, 113-130.

1991
Gaston, K.J. 1991. The magnitude of global insect species richness. Conservation Biology 5, 283-296.

Gaston, K.J. 1991. How large is a species’ geographic range? Oikos 61, 434-438.

Gaston, K.J. 1991. Body size and probability of description: the beetle fauna of Britain. Ecological Entomology 16, 505-508.

Gaston, K.J. 1991. Estimates of the near-imponderable: a reply to Erwin. Conservation Biology 5, 566-568.

Gaston, K.J., Reavey, D. & Valladares, G.R. 1991. Changes in feeding habits as caterpillars grow. Ecological Entomology 16, 339-344.

Reavey, D. & Gaston, K.J. 1991. The importance of leaf structure in oviposition by leaf-mining microlepidoptera. Oikos 61, 19-28.

1990
Eggleton, P. & Gaston, K.J. 1990. ‘Parasitoid’ species and assemblages: convenient definitions or misleading compromises? Oikos 59, 417-421.

Gaston, K.J. 1990. Patterns in the geographical ranges of species. Biological Reviews 65, 105-129.

Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1990. Effects of scale and habitat on the relationship between species local abundance and large scale distribution. Oikos 58, 329-335.

McArdle, B.H., Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1990. Variation in the size of animal populations: patterns, problems and artefacts. Journal of Animal Ecology 59, 439-454.

1989
Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1989. Insect herbivores on bracken do not support the core-satellite hypothesis. American Naturalist 134, 761-777.

Gaston, K.J. & Reavey, D. 1989. Patterns in the life histories and feeding strategies of British macrolepidoptera. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 37, 367-381.

Lawton, J.H. & Gaston, K.J. 1989. Temporal patterns in the herbivorous insects of bracken: A test of community predictability. Journal of Animal Ecology 58, 1021-1034.

1988
Gaston, K.J. 1988. Patterns in the local and regional dynamics of moth populations. Oikos 53, 49-57.

Gaston, K.J. 1988. The intrinsic rate of increase of insects of different sizes. Ecological Entomology 14, 399-409.

Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1988. Patterns in the abundance and distribution of insect populations. Nature 331, 709-712.

Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1988. Patterns in body size, population dynamics and regional distribution of bracken herbivores. American Naturalist 132, 662-680.

1987
Gaston, K.J. & Lawton, J.H. 1987. A test of statistical techniques for detecting density dependence in sequential censuses of animal populations. Oecologia 74, 404-410.

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